According to National Diabetes Statistics Report, almost 10 percent of US population has diabetes. What is more alarming is that about 30 percent of those with diabetes do not even know that they are carrying the disease.
What is Diabetes?
One of the normal blood tests measures your blood sugar level to see if you have rising blood sugar or you are already diabetic. There are three different tests available to measure blood sugar and to diagnose diabetes.
The most common test is called FPG ( fasting blood glucose). This test is done after you have not eaten anything for at least 8 hours and is generally administered early morning before breakfast. Normally your test value should be less than 100. If it is between 100 to 125, then it is considered prediabetes ( we will see later on). And if your value is more than 125, then you are diabetic.
Another test is called A1C, which is used to measure an average of blood glucose level for the past 2 or 3 months. Normal value is less than 5.7. The value between 5.7 and 6.4 indicates prediabetes and a value higher than 6.5 confirms diabetes.
The third test to check rising blood sugar levels is called OGTT (Oral Glucose Tolerance Test). The normal value is less than 140. Prediabetes values are between 140 to 199 and a value higher than 200 indicates diabetes. 
What is Prediabetes?
When your blood sugar levels are higher than normal?but still not classified as diabetes levels, then you are having prediabetes. It is just a classification which indicates that you are at high risk of developing diabetes, though you still do not have it. Prediabetes does not necessarily mean that you will develop diabetes in future, but certainly rising blood sugar levels put you at higher risk for diabetes.
Basics of Blood Sugar
When we eat food, it is converted into calories in the form of sugar and released in the blood stream. Our pancreas then releases an important hormone called insulin which helps with absorption of this glucose or sugar into body cells where it is used as energy.
A rising blood sugar level indicates that there is something wrong with the body metabolism. And it is at this stage that you can still reverse the process by introducing life-style changes.
Risks Factors for Diabetes
Here are some of the risk factors for rising blood sugar levels:
- You are overweight ( your BMI is 35 or higher)
- You follow a sedentary lifestyle
- Diabetes runs in the family
- You have high blood cholesterol or high blood pressure
- You are aged 45 or higher
How to Lower Rising Blood Sugar
Research has shown that if you are overweight (about 75 or more pounds over the healthy weight), then losing about 7 percent of your weight and introducing 30 minutes of moderate physical activity for 5 days a week will decrease your risk of developing diabetes by half.
Apart from that also eat a lot of vegetables and shift to whole grain food. Use radishes, carrots and other similar foods for snacks. Either start diet beverages or limit your sweetened drinks to a maximum of one per day. And replace desserts with fresh fruit.
By doing these, you will be able to reverse prediabetes and will see your rising blood sugar levels going down again.